Brown-eyed Susan is a short lived perennial that enjoys living on woodland edges. It produces dark green foliage, some of which are lobed.. It produces a multitude of charming yellow flowers in late fall. It associates with Anemone virginana, Geum canandense, and Symphyotrichum drummondii.
Brown-Eyed Susan is often self-pollinated, but it nonetheless attracts numerous nectar-seeking and pollen-seeking insects to its flowers. These visitors include bumblebees, little carpenter bees, digger bees, cuckoo bees, leaf-cutting bees, Andrenid bees, and Halictid bees (including green metallic bees). One of these bees, Andrena rudbeckiae, is a specialist pollinator (oligolege) of Rudbeckia and Ratibida coneflowers.
Soil Type: Clay/Loam/Peat/Sand/Gravel
Soil Conditions: Wet Mesic-Dry Mesic
Flower Color: Yellow
Light: Full to part sun
Credits: Info courtesy of Pizzo Native Nursery and IllinoisWildflowers.Info; Photo courtesy of Julia Bunn